Over the years, the loss of elasticity of the skin, sun exposure, the effects of gravity and the effect of some repetitive facial expression traits cause the skin to relax. This creates an excess of skin, which is lax, accentuating the folds or wrinkles and losing facial contour angles. Moreover resorption of the bones of the face is also observed over the years, especially by the less prominent jaw and cheekbones and favor the downside of the skin.
The facelift is not intended to stop the process of facial aging, only he hides to understand the elements of aging. May require removing excess skin, soften fine lines (wrinkles) to tighten skin and muscles of the face and recreate the proper angles in the face again. Since there is bone resorption may require facial fillers, osteotomies or placement of prosthesis as the chin area.
There are various techniques by which vary incisions and the area being treated. They recognize three key areas: the frontal region including the eyelids where the wounds were made in the scalp and eyelids; the region of the cheeks with incisions in the auricular region can extend up behind the ear and the cervical region comes from the wound in front of the ear and may require another incision in the crease under the chin. Sometimes it may require incisions inside the mouth for the treatment of the area of the cheekbones and / or jaw. The areas to be treated vary according to each patient.
The surgery lasts between 3-7 hours depending on the areas treated. It can be done under local anesthesia with sedation or general anesthesia. Before deciding to performed this surgery, think carefully about your expectations and discuss them with your plastic surgeon. It is important to understand that the appearance improvement but this does not turn back the years.
Candidates for this surgery are men and women over 40 with excess skin, loss of muscle tone and / or facial angles, healthy, emotionally stable and with realistic expectations.